Awesome Things That Happened on My Birthday

I was born July 7th, 1987.

These events also happened on July 7th, in different years throughout history.

In 1456, the retrial of Joan of Arc, carried out after her execution, ended with an appellate court declaring her innocent.

In 1534, the first known exchange between Europeans and the natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick takes place.

In 1575, the Raid of Redeswire begins, which is the last major battle between England and Scotland.

In 1585, the Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protesants in France.

In 1770, the Battle of Larga, between the Russian and Ottoman Empires, takes place.

In 1777, the Battle of Hubbardton, during the American Revolution, takes place.

In 1807, during the Napoleonic Wars, the Peace of Tilsit ends the Fourth Coalition between France, Prussia and Russia.

In 1834, four nights of rioting against abolitionists begins in New York City.

In 1846, American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena during the Mexican-American War.  This begins the U.S. acquisition of California.

In 1863, the United States begins its first military draft.  Exceptions cost $300.

In 1865, during the Civil War, four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged.

In 1892, the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established, which leads to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.

In 1898, President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution, which annexes Hawaii as a territory of the United States and

In 1911, the U.S., Great Britain, Japan and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, which bans open-water seal hunting.  This is the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues.

In 1915, the First Battle of Isonzo of World War I comes to a close.  Also, an International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.  Militia officer Henry Pedris is also executed by firing squad at Colombo, Ceylon (this act is widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice by the British colonial authorities.)

In 1928, sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company in Missouri.

In 1930, industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction on the Boulder Dam (which is now known as the Hoover Dam.)

In 1937, Japanese forces invade Beijing, China in the Battle of Lugou Bridge during the Sino-Japanese War.

In 1941, during World War II, U.S. Forces land in Iceland, taking over from an earlier British invasion.  Also Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.

In 1944, also during World War II, the largest Banzai charge of the Pacific war occurs at the Battle of Saipan.

In 1946, Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be cannonized.  Also, Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.

In 1952, the ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop’s Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world.

In 1953, “Che” Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.

In 1954, Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, the song “That’s All Right.”

In 1958, President Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into law.

In 1959, Venus occults the star Regulus.  This rare event is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.

In 1978, the Solomon Islands become independent from the UK.

In 1980: institution of sharia (the code of conduct, or religious law of Islam) in Iran.  Also, during the Lebanese Civil War, 83 Tiger militants are killed during what will be known as Safra massacre.

In 1981, President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O’Connor as the first female member of the United States Supreme Court.

In 1983, during the Cold War, U.S. schoolgirl Samantha Smith flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov.

In 1985, Boris Becker becomes the youngest player to ever win Wimbledon.  He is age 17.

In 1991, the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

In 1997, the Turkish Armed Forces withdraw from northern Iraq after assisting the Kurdistan Democratic Party in the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War.

In 2002, A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.

In 2005, A series of four explosions occurs on London’s transport system, killing 56 people including four alleged suicide bombers and injuring over 700 others.

In 2011, the roof of a stand in De Grolsch Veste Stadium in Enschede, which was under construction collapsed, killing one person and injuring 14.

People born on July 7 as well

Two different Japanese Emperors, Shirakawa and Sutoku, were born on this day in two different years (1053 and 1119 respectively.)

Princess Elizabeth of Hungary, a Catholic saint, born in 1207.

Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, born in 1528.

Guru Har Krishan, an Indian religious figure, born in 1656.

Giuseppe Piazzi, an Italian astronomer, born in 1746.

Joseph Marie Jacquard, a French inventor known for creating the first programmable loom (and the basis of the development of computer programming.)  He was born in 1752.

Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, a French general under Napoleon, born 1766.

Camillo Golgi, an Italian physician who not only discovered a method of staining a nervous tissue a few cells at a time (the black reaction) but he discovered the tendon sensory organ that bears his name.  This Nobel laureate was born in 1843.

George Cukor, an American director, best known for films like the 1933 version of Little Women (starring Katherine Hepburn) and the 1936 version of Romeo and Juliet.  He also directed My Fair Lady.  He directed many films featuring old silver screen stars like Katherine Hepburn, Joan Crawford, Clark Gable, Greta Garbo and Henry Fonda.  He had a hand in the early stages of Gone with the Wind as well.  He was born in 1899 (and died in 1983 at the ripe old age of 83.)

Sam Katzman, an American producer, who produced movies for actors like Bela Lugosi (the original Dracula,) the 15-chapter Superman serial of 1948 and several of Elvis Presley’s movies.  He was born in 1901.

Eiji Tsuburaya, a Japanese special effects director, best known for the Godzilla movies.  He is also credited as the creator of Ultraman.  He was born in 1901 as well.

Anna Marie Hahn, a German-born American female serial killer, who robbed and poisoned elderly men, born in 1906.

Robert A. Heinlein, an American writer famous for his novel Stranger in a Strange Land, born in 1907.

Ringo Starr, drummer for the Beatles, born in 1940.

Joel Siegel, the American film critic for the show Good Morning America for 25 years, born in 1943.

Joe Spano, the American actor (best known for playing the FBI agent Tobias Fornell on the show NCIS) born in 1946.

Gyanendra, the deposed king of Nepal, born in 1947.

Shelly Duval, an American actress (in movies like Annie Hall, The Shining, Popeye and Suburban Commando,) born in 1949.

Jonathan Dayton, the American director of Little Miss Sunshine, born in 1957.

Billy Campbell, an American actor (in the TV show The 4400 and in movies like The Rocketeer, Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Enough,) born in 1959.

Jessica Hahn, the American model best known for the sex scandal involving televangelist Jim Bakker (the guy married to weepy Tammy Faye) while she was employed as a church secretary, born in 1959 as well.

Jim Gaffigan, an American comedian (I like his Hot Pocket skit,) born in 1966.

Another Amy, Amy Carlson, born in 1968.  She is known for her role on the short lived Law & Order: Trial By Jury and has done bit parts on a lot of other well known crime shows.

Jorja Fox, an American actress, best known for playing Sara Sidle in the TV show CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.  (She also plays the wife of  Guy Pierce that was murdered in the Christopher Nolan movie Memento.)  She was born in 1968.

Kristen Vangsness, the woman who plays Penelope Garcia on Criminal Minds, born in 1972.

Lisa Leslie, the American basketball player, also born in 1972.

Natsuki Takaya, the Japanese manga-ka who created Fruits Basket, born in 1973.

D-Loc, the American rapper for the band Kottonmouth Kings, born in 1977.

Michelle Kwan, the American figure skater, born 1980.

Also born in 1980, Dan Whitesides, the drummer for the band The Used.

Synyster Gates, one of the guitarists for Avenged Sevenfold, born in 1981.

Mike Glita, the bassist for the band Senses Fail, born in 1982.

D. Woods, one of the singers for the girl group Danity Kane, born in 1983.

Kaci Brown, the American singer best known for her song “Unbelievable,” born in 1988.

Ilan Rubin, the drummer for Nine Inch Nails, born in 1988.

Princess Purnika of Nepal, born 2000.

People who died on July 7th

1304 – Pope Benedict XI.

1307 – King Edward the first of England.

1537 – Madeline of Valois, the French-born Queen consort to James V of Scotland.

1572 – King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland.

1647 – Thomas Hooker, an English born Connecticut colonist.

1701 – William Stoughton, a judge at the Salem Witch Trials.

1713 – Henry Compton, the Bishop of Oxford and member of the Privy Counsel of England.

1730 – Oliver Levasseur, a French Pirate

1764 – William Pultany, the first Earl of Bath.

1865 – Mary Surratt, an American conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln and the first woman ever executed in the US.

1865 – Lewis Payne and David Herold, also conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

1865 – George Atzerodt, a German-born conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

1890 – Henri Nestle, German confectioner and founder of Nestle S.A.

1901 – Johanna Spyri, the woman who wrote the classic novel Heidi

1922 – Cathal Brugha, the chief of staff of the Irish Republican Army (IRA.)

1930 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish author best known for his detective, Sherlock Holmes.

1965 – Moshe Sharett, Ukraine-born second Prime Minister of Israel.

1967 – Vivien Leigh, English actress best known for her role as Scarlett O’Hara in the movie Gone with the Wind.

1971 – Ub Iwerks, the creator of Mickey Mouse and a special effects technician famous for his work with Walt Disney.

1972 – King Talal of Jordan.  Also, Athenagoras, the Patriarch of Constantinople.

1973 – Veronica Lake, American actress famous for her role in Sullivan’s Travels.

1975 – Ruffian, an American thoroughbred racehorse (there’s a 2007 movie made of him.)

1980 – Dore Schary, the producer and writer who won an Oscar for co-writing the film Boy’s Town.

1981 – Peace Pilgrim (Mildred Norman) a pacifist who was the first woman to walk the entire length of the Appalachian Trail in one season.

1990 – Bill Cullen, an American game show host who originally hosted The Price is Right and The $25,000 Pyramid.

2000 – Dale Irwin Jr. the NASCAR driver, who died in an accident during practice.

2006 – Syd Barrett, the English singer-songwriter and guitarist for the band Pink Floyd

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